Grace Bible Church

Preaching the Living Word through the Written Word











4.†††† Omniscience


a)††† Definitions

(1)†† Omniscient comes from two Latin words (omnis - all and scientia - knowledge) and means, ďall knowing.Ē It refers to Godís infinite and perfect knowledge.

(2)†† Ryrie states, God knows everything, things actual and possible, effortlessly and equally well.

(3)†† A more comprehensive definition will state that God knows all things actual and possible, past, present, and future, in one eternal act. (Moody Handbook of Theology)

b)††† God knows everything that happens, both past and present (Pr 15:3; Mt 10:29-30; Job 28:24; Job 31:4; Job34:21-23)

c)†††† God knows the secret thoughts of every individual (1Ch 28:9; Ps 44:21; Je 17:9-10; He 4:13).

d)††† God knows what will happen in the future (Ps 139:4, 14b-16; Is 41:21-24).

(1)†† God knows all future events. Because God is eternal and knows all things in one eternal act, events that are future to man are an ďeternal nowĒ to God [Ro 8:30]. He knew the nations that would dominate Israel (Dan. 2:36Ė43; 7:4Ė8), and He knows the events that will yet transpire upon the earth (Matt. 24:25; Rev. 6Ė19). The Moody Handbook of Theology)

(2)†† This view stands in opposition to ďOpen TheismĒ which denies that God knows the future exhaustively. They believe God maneuvers like a Grand Master in chess hoping for a positive result.

e)†††† Godís foreknowledge is more than mere intellectual assent, but is in connection with His foreordination (Ge 4:1, Je 1:5; Am 3:2; Ac 2:23; Ro 8:29; 1Pe 1:20)

(1)†† It is important to recognize that in speaking of Godís knowledge or foreknowledge it does not imply a passive awareness of what will happen, but in connection with His knowledge or foreknowledge He has decreed all events. (Compare Shedd, Dogmatic Theology, 1:353Ė58, 396Ė99) (Is 46:10).

(2)†† [Godís foreknowledge could be stated as the], selective knowledge of God that makes one an object of Godís love; it is more than mere knowledge or cognition beforehand. (House, Charts of Christian Theology and Doctrine, p. 91).

f)†††† God cannot learn anything, He already knows everything (Ro 11:33-34; Job 21:22, 37:16; Ps 147:5).

(1)†† God not only knows all things that are actual but also all things that are possible (Ps 139:1Ė6; 147:4; Mt 6:8; cp. Christ - Mt 16:21; Lk 11:17; Jn 2:24; 4:29).

(2)†† Philosophically, omniscience is defined in terms of Godís propositional knowledge. This means God knows every true proposition in every area of knowledge. He also knows of every false proposition but does not believe it. Therefore, God knows all truth and reality.

g)†††† David understood the personal side of the omniscience of God in Psa 139:1-4.

(1)†† Davidís life was known by God (vs. 1).

(2)†† Davidís ways were known by God (vs. 2-3).

(3)†† Davidís thoughts and words were known by God (vs. 2,4).

h)††† Application - Godís omniscience gives cause for the believer to:

(1)†† Trust in Godís guidance because He knows the right path for us (Pr 3:5-6).

(2)†† Be comforted in Godís understanding because He knows our frailties (Ps 103:13-14).

(3)†† Be secure in Godís love because He knows all our sin and doubt, yet still loves us (1Jn 3:19-20).




Grace Bible Church 4000 E. Collins Rd PO Box #3762 Gillette, WY (307) 686-1516